Boundary Commission Consultation


City of Bradford Liberal Democrat Submission to the Boundary Commission Review 2018.

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The Liberal Democrats will be producing one submission to the Boundary Commission for the Yorkshire and Humber Region.

This document supports and adds details to the Regional submission and is submitted by the Chair of the City of Bradford Liberal Democrat Constituency Party Executive.

City of Bradford Liberal Democrat Submission to the Boundary Commission Review 2018.

The Liberal Democrats will be producing one submission to the Boundary Commission for the Yorkshire and Humber Region.

This document supports and adds details to the Regional submission and is submitted by the Chair of the City of Bradford Liberal Democrat Constituency Party Executive.

1. Our Commentary on the initial proposals

1.1 Retaining the East and West constituencies maintains the division of the city which presents great difficulty for the City of Bradford to promote itself with a single coherent voice at a Parliamentary level. The removal of one constituency from the city to meet the constraints of the review presents the Commission with a unique opportunity to correct this problem and enable the City of Bradford to have coherence in its economic regeneration aspirations through a single Parliamentary voice in the House of Commons.

1.2 The inclusion of Manningham in Bradford East adds Manningham to a constituency on the opposite side of the Canal Road corridor which is a hard boundary of a main railway line and the major Canal Road. It is separated from the wards of Toller, City and Heaton of which it has many strong community ties.

1.3 The community of Wrose and Windhill is separated from the three other wards the majority of services are shared with. All four wards (Idle and Thackley, Eccleshill, Bolton and Undercliffe and Wrose and Windhill) meet at Five Lane Ends. These communities have strong community links.

1.4 The Boundary Commission proposals create a number of ‘orphan’ wards. We argue that the creation of orphan wards in Bradford South allows a more satisfactory fit for those communities into Spen, Halifax and Pudsey. The previous Boundary Commission proposals in 2013 created a carve-up of Shipley and North Bradford which left communities isolated from their neighbours. For example the bottom half of Thorpe Edge remained in Bradford whilst the top part was to be represented by a Member of Parliament from Leeds West. We argued strongly against this last time on the following grounds.

1.5 Eccleshill is very firmly a Bradford based community which stretches almost to Bradford City Centre and was part of the old City of Bradford prior to the 1970 boundary changes.

1.6 In the 2013 proposals the housing estate of Thorpe Edge was split into three constituencies which would have been extremely challenging for constituents trying to obtain representation and this provoked a significant campaign against the proposals.

1.7 Local people campaigned against the proposal for Eccleshill to be part of a Leeds City constituency on the grounds that it would have been bizarre as the only connection would have been on foot across a golf course.

2. The Liberal Democrat proposals to the Boundary Commission

2.1 Bradford Central

The Liberal Democrat proposal starts with the creation of a brand new Bradford Central seat. This takes as its starting point the centre of the main settlement, Bradford, and taking into account the criteria set by the review builds out from the centre of the City by amending the Bradford West constituency to bring together all the wards in the urban centre of the City.

The new constituency will be at the lower end of the quota which is useful in an area with historically low records of voter registration. The new constituency of Bradford Central would comprise of the Manningham, Bowling and Barkerend and Little Horton wards from the proposed Bradford East constituency together with Great Horton, City, Heaton and Toller wards from the proposed Bradford West constituency. 

BCE 2016 Proposals

 

Liberal Democrat alternative

Bradford West BC

73,686

 

 

Bradford Central

71,122

 

Great Horton

9,911

BS BC

Little Horton

9,841

BE BC

Queensbury

11,681

BS BC

Bowling and Barkerend

10,773

BE BC

City

9,418

BW BC

Great Horton

9,911

BS BC

Clayton and Fairweather

10,251

BW BC

City

9,418

BW BC

Heaton

10,364

BW BC

Heaton

10,364

BW BC

Thornton and Allerton

11,248

BW BC

Toller

10,813

BW BC

Toller

10,813

BW BC

Manningham

10,002

BW BC

Bradford South BC

21,592

29.30%

Bradford South BC

9,911

13.94%

Bradford West BC

52,094

70.70%

Bradford West BC

40,597

57.08%

 

Bradford East BC

20,614

28.98%

 

This gives a heart to the place of the City of Bradford with its focus on the City Centre. Bradford is the only major city that does not have a Central constituency which can provide leadership at a Parliamentary level. The constituency of Bradford Central will house all of the major institutions, enabling them to relate to one voice.

Bradford Central is at the lower end of the electoral quota which is an advantage in an area with historically lower rates of voter registration.

Bradford Central includes Manningham on the side of Canal Road and the main railway station to re-unite it with the strong community ties with Toller, City and Heaton Wards.

Bradford Central follows the arrangement of the City Clinical Commissioning Group which is a grouping of 27 GP practices whose governing body gives clinical leadership to the commissioning of health and care services for people in Bradford City.

Bradford Central is the focus of the City Edition of the local newspaper, the Bradford Telegraph and Argus.

Bradford Central groups together the predominately urban wards of the City of Bradford.

2. 2 Bradford North and Shipley

We then propose to amend the Bradford East constituency proposal into a new Bradford North and Shipley constituency which brings back together much of the historic Bradford North constituency, (which existed up to the General Election in 2010), while maintaining the historic links between Shipley, Baildon and Saltaire.

 BCE 2016 Proposals

 

Liberal Democrat alternative

Bradford East BC

74,954

 

Bradford North and Shipley

77,243

 

Bolton and Undercliffe

10,657

BE BC

Bolton and Undercliffe

10,657

BE BC

Bowling and Barkerend

10,773

BE BC

Bradford Moor

10,889

BE BC

Bradford Moor

10,889

BE BC

Eccleshill

10,949

BE BC

Eccleshill

10,949

BE BC

Idle and Thackley

11,843

BE BC

Idle and Thackley

11,843

BE BC

Shipley

10,788

Shipley CC

Little Horton

9,841

BE BC

Windhill and Wrose

10,575

Shipley CC

Manningham

10,002

BW BC

Baildon

11,542

Shipley CC

Bradford East BC

64,952

86.66%

Bradford East BC

44,338

57%

Bradford West BC

10,002

13.34%

Shipley CC

32,905

43%

 

This amendment brings the largely suburban areas of North and East Bradford within one constituency and builds on the transport, community and cultural links that cross the area. This constituency also reflects the aspirations of Bradford District Local Development Plan which is rooted in the spatial vision for the Leeds City Region.

The revised constituency of Bradford North and Shipley comprises the Bolton & Undercliffe, Eccleshill, Idle &Thackley and Bradford Moor wards from the Bradford East constituency with the Baildon, Shipley and Windhill and Wrose wards from the Shipley constituency.

Bradford North and Shipley constituency brings back together much of the historic Bradford North constituency, (which existed up to the General Election in 2010), while maintaining the historic links between Shipley, Baildon and Saltaire.

Bradford North and Shipley restores the strong community and transport links between Idle and Thackley, Wrose and Windhill, Eccleshill and Bolton and Undercliffe which all meet at Five Lane Ends which is a major transport interchange and shopping centre.

Bradford North and Shipley constituency contains the whole of the BD2/10 Partnership, an organisation of public and private sector organisations and schools predominately working to provide services to young people and raise educational attainment across the four former Council estates of Thorpe Edge, Ravenscliffe, Windhill and Swain House.

The constituency falls within the Bradford Districts Clinical Commission Group which is a grouping of 39 GP practices whose governing body gives clinical leadership to the commissioning of health and care services for people in the Bradford District.

Bradford North and Shipley falls within the County edition of the local newspaper the Bradford Telegraph and Argus.

The constituency of Bradford North and Shipley links together the key wards that are part of the strategically important key regeneration corridor along the Aire Valley which form part of the Leeds City Region Core Strategy.

The Bradford North and Shipley Constituency links together the communities of Saltaire, Baildon, Esholt and Apperley Bridge who are part of the flood risk area for the Aire Valley. Ensuring these communities are linked at a constituency level will enable a better coordination of emergency response in times of flood.

2.3 Bradford Rural and Guiseley

We then propose to amend the proposed Shipley constituency to create a Bradford Rural and Guiseley constituency bringing together in one constituency many of the small towns and villages often overshadowed by the big city neighbours of Leeds and Bradford.

We have argued previously that the Guiseley and Rawdon ward has good geographic links and similarities with the more rural Bingley and Bingley Rural wards that form a corridor between Bradford and Keighley. TheThornton and Allerton, Clayton and Fairweather Green and Queensbury wards are similar in nature and exist outside of the urban centre of Bradford in their own right. At the higher end of the quota the wards within the new seat of Airedale and Queensbury traditionally have higher rates of voter registration.

BCE 2016 Proposals

 

Liberal Democrat alternative

Shipley CC

77,910

 

 

Bradford Rural and Guiseley

78,185

 

Guiseley and Rawdon

17,779

 

 

Pudsey BC

Queensbury

11,681

BS BC

Baildon

11,542

Shipley CC

Thornton and Allerton

11,248

BW BC

Bingley

13,650

Shipley CC

Clayton & Fairweather Green

10,251

BW BC

Bingley Rural

13,576

Shipley CC

Guiseley and Rawdon

17,779

Pudsey BC

Shipley

10,788

Shipley CC

Bingley

13,650

Shipley CC

Windhill and Wrose

10,575

Shipley CC

Bingley Rural

13,576

Shipley CC

Pudsey BC

17,779

22.82%

Pudsey BC

17,779

22.74%

Shipley CC

60,131

77.18%

Shipley CC

60,131

34.82%

 

Bradford West BC

21,499

27.50%

Bradford South BC

11,681

14.94%

 

The seat as suggested brings many of the small towns and villages outside the suburban sprawls of Bradford and Leeds into a single seat that will improve their voice and enable easier representations. This constituency is a collection of small towns and villages who share similar characteristics and needs grouped around the north western edge of the urban area of City of Bradford.

3. Cross Border Constituencies

The Boundary Commission proposes to add the wards of Wyke and Wibsey into the new constituency of Spen and Royds ward to Halifax. Given the constraints under which they have to work, we broadly accept this outcome as the old Bradford South Seat had communities like Queensbury at one end and Wyke and Tong at the other these have no real community ties between them. The nature of some of the wards south of the Bradford is clearly distinct from the urban centre and in the case of Wyke and Queensbury in particular a fit better outside an urban city seat. We cannot escape the size of wards within Leeds cities that necessitate the addition of orphan wards to build seats that meet the criteria. The ward that best fits geographic and community links is Tong.

Tong ward moves to Pudsey due to the low electorates in Leeds and the need to transfer wards between constituencies in order to get them within 5% of the electoral quota. The new Pudsey constituency better links communities to the west of the Leeds and the revised geography provides a better shape and improved community links between the contigous nature of Pudsey, Tong, Staningley and Bramley.

Moving Tong ward from Bradford is a good fit with Pudsey ward due to their shared boundary through the extensive Fulneck Valley that is already earmarked for massive housing developments and the previously divided community in Tyersal.

Previous attempts to split North Bradford were massively unpopular and failed to respect, geographic constraints and local ties on both the Leeds and Bradford sides of the District boundary.

Wyke is a ward based around the urban village of Wyke and in that respect is similar to Cleckheaton, Gomersal, Birstall, Birkenshaw and Liversage, bringing those places together with one voice will help to strengthen their collective voice which is often overshadowed by their large neighbours of Leeds, Bradford and Huddersfield.

These proposals give the City of Bradford three constituencies that are at their hearts different. It gives Westminster Parliamentarians the opportunity to focus on the collective challenges faced by those living in urban Bradford Central, sub-urban Bradford North and Shipley or on the small towns and villages to be found in a Bradford Rural and Guiseley constituency. Most importantly it gives the main settlement of the City of Bradford the opportunity for a single coherent voice to support its regeneration effort.


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